Best Seven Laptop Practices
Laptop is not just a machine equipped with connectivity, storage and competence with constant use it becomes more than an investment. It shares you memories with you when you save your photos and videos in it. It becomes your companion due to all the assistance it gives and it turns into an entertainer when it brightens your day with its glowing LCD screen. The laptop is not a cheap product but it does not stop people from spilling drinks, instant noodles on it or dropping it on the floor that may lead to a costly computer repair . A man took extra care of his laptop and stored it in oven to keep it safe from burglars unfortunately his wife came home early and started cooking. Following are some top tips for ensuring long life of laptops.
Place it on Hard Surfaces: Soft surfaces like bed or cushions block ventilation holes at the bottom of the laptop as a result laptop cannot breathe air for cooling. This suffocation results in high temperature inside the laptop and reduces laptop’s life. The dirt on bed can also be sucked up in the laptop and can block the fan.
Active Antivirus: Precaution is always better then correction. Antivirus software can be easily downloaded and they help like white blood cells for laptop increasing its natural defense ability against viruses that can corrupt the computer and deform its functioning.
Keep Food Away From Laptops: It is visible in many cases that people do not want to be separated from their laptops. They work with them, sleep with them and eat with them. But this eating and drinking with laptop can decrease your overall relation with your laptop because one coffee spill on desktop requires generic replacement and spill on keyboard can ruin motherboard. In result of eating over it crumbs can go down the keys and invite insects inside laptop. It also damage circuitry and makes it look filthy.
Lift Laptop by base: It is suitable to lift and hold laptops from base rather than screen or from the middle part because direct pressure can lead to scratches.
Temperature aware: Extreme temperature or frequent change in temperature can be harmful for laptops. When enter indoor from an open space in winters let the laptop cool down to room temperature to protect disk drive from condensation. Also avoid direct heat from sunlight.
Battery Conscious: Nothing can move a lazy person faster than the battery low warning of laptop. Battery is the most common and frequent problem of laptops. Lithium batteries wear out no matter what but with care the harm can be postponed. Do not keep your laptop on charge all time nor avoid the battery low sign as it will result in sudden shut down. Drain laptop charger at least once a month.
Use Laptop Bag: Proper laptop case is very important. It keeps it secure and protected from all the menace traveling can bring.
Taking care of things around you is a responsibility and handling with care shows your respect towards facilities in life.
Using Windows Safe Mode and Advanced Options
Computer problems can be tricky to pin down. We’ve often seen minor software bugs produce issues that would seem to be asymptomatic of hardware problems, and vice versa. Some hangs can only be fixed by shutting down the computer and restarting it, others need advanced troubleshooting techniques like accessing the Safe Mode and Advanced Options.
With Safe Mode, Windows will load using a basic set of drivers, which is an ideal environment for troubleshooting problems from recently installed devices, drivers, and applications. You’ll also be able to perform a System Restore in Safe Mode, so you could return your computer to a point before you installed a trouble program or driver. To access Safe Mode in Windows 7, turn on your computer and repeatedly press and hold the F8 key during the initial boot up process, which will bring up Windows’ Safe Mode options.
In Windows 8, you can force the PC to go into Safe Mode from within Windows. Open the Charms bar, hold the SHIFT key, click the power icon, and select Restart while holding down the SHIFT key. When Windows boots up again, it will bring up the Advanced Startup menu. From there, you can select Troubleshoot, Advanced Options, and Windows Startup Settings. Then, choose Enable Safe Mode and select Restart, which will bring up the familiar Safe Mode.
Once inside Safe Mode, you should be able to delete the driver or application that’s causing a problem, or you can try to reinstall the troublesome program or driver to see if it will fix the issue. If removing the application doesn’t solve the problem, try a System Restore to a point when the computer was working normally. If your PC can’t even boot into Safe Mode, you may need to completely reinstall Windows to fix the issue.
Windows 8 Essential Tips and Tricks
With the wait for Windows 8 finally over, it’s time to shift our attention to how to get Microsoft’s newest operating system working in your favor. In this article, we’ll walk you through 10 useful tips for navigating the new interface, accomplishing advanced tasks, and using keyboard shortcuts to make your life easier.
1Windows Key Shortcuts
Microsoft’s operating systems have always shipped with some built-in keyboard shortcuts that use the Windows key, and Windows 8 is no exception. To execute the following shortcuts, just press the Windows key and the appropriate character key simultaneously.
Windows + X. This shortcut brings up a context menu that lets you quickly access things like the Event Viewer, Device Manager, Command prompt, Task Manager, Control Panel, Run dialog, and Desktop.
Windows + E. This shortcut launches Windows Explorer, making it easy to locate files on your computer, hard drives, or network location.
Windows + F. This shortcut opens the Search utility and defaults to finding document files.
Windows + Q. To quickly find an app you’ve lost track of, just use this shortcut. Windows Accessories, Ease Of Access, and Windows System utilities are also indexed here.
Windows + W. This shortcut also launches the search utility, but it helps you find settings menus, such as Devices, Privacy, and Notifications. It also lets you search for how to perform specific tasks, such as Add Printer, Connect To A Network, or Customize Your Account Picture.
Windows + C. You can quickly access Windows 8’s Charms menu (Search, Share, Start, Devices, Settings) by dragging your mouse cursor to the bottom-right corner of the screen. If your hands are already on the keyboard, however, this shortcut will also display the Charms.
One of the fastest ways to close an application in Windows 8 is to simply grab it at the top of the window using your mouse, and then drag it down and off the bottom of the screen.
3 Do More With Windows Explorer
Microsoft is shipping a significantly tweaked Windows Explorer in Windows 8. To access Windows Explorer, press Windows key + E, then click the chevron icon from the upper-right corner of the window to access the File, Home, Share, and View menus.
4Change View In
Windows Explorer The two icons in the bottomright of the Windows Explorer window let you quickly switch between Details and Large Thumbnail views. The other views are still accessible as well; just click View and then choose an option from the Layout section, such as Extra Large Icons, List, and Small Icons.
Windows Explorer in Windows 8 features a number of context menus that only appear if you’re viewing a certain type of folder or drive location, or have selected certain file types, such as audio files, images, or applications. These context menus appear at the top of Windows Explorer and let you perform various file-specific actions. The menu tabs are brightly colored, so be on the lookout for them as you explore your files and folders.
Libraries in Windows 8 are used to group files of a given type, for instance, Music, Documents, and Videos. When you navigate your Libraries in Windows Explorer, you’ll find a purple Library Tools menu option appear at the top of the screen. Click Manage to perform various Library- specific tasks, such as Set Save Location, Show In Navigation Pane, and Restore Settings.
6Recycle Bin Tools
When you view the Recycle Bin from Win8’s Windows Explorer, you’ll have access to the Recycle Bin Tools. Click Manage under this tab to access functions such as Empty Recycle Bin, Recycle Bin Properties, Restore All Items, and Restore Selected items.
7Show Hidden Files
As with Windows 7, you can configure Windows 8’s Windows Explorer to display hidden file types, but the procedure for enabling this feature is a little different. Start by launching Windows Explorer by pressing the Windows key and the E key simultaneously. Next click View, and then put a checkmark in the box adjacent to Hidden Items to display the folders and files hidden by default.
8Quickly Access Drive Tools
If you want to quickly optimize (defrag), format, or clean up a drive on your Windows 8 machine, just launch Windows Explorer (Windows key + E) and select the drive or Computer from the left pane. This displays the Drive Tools toolbar at the top of the window. Just click Manage to access these handy functions.
9Quickly Access BitLocker
In Win8 If you want to encrypt a folder or file, you’ll typically use Windows Explorer to navigate to the drive first. Helpfully, Microsoft has added a BitLocker (Microsoft’s folder encryption utility) shortcut to Windows Explorer. Simply click the drive you want to encrypt, click Manage from the top of the window, click BitLocker, and then select Turn On BitLocker. You can also enable BitLocker from the context menu that appears whenever you rightclick a drive or location.
Common Networking Tasks Windows Explorer features a Computer context menu that you can access by double-clicking the Computer icon from the Win8 Desktop. Click the Computer tab to see a list of the available Location, Network, and System functions you can perform. The Network functions include Access Media, Map Network Drive, and Add A Network Location.
Wireless Router Installation
Setting up and securing a wireless router in your office is something anyone can do. Here, we’ll take you step-by-step through the physical installation and setup of a wireless router.
Start by disconnecting the device that is currently connected to your cable or DSL modem. If you don’t already have a network, this is likely a PC. If you’re upgrading a network, this is likely the old router.
Power off your cable or DSL modem.
Run an Ethernet cable from the cable or DSL modem to the router’s WAN (wide-area network) port. Note that it’s best to locate a wireless router in the middle of a home or office, if possible, so that the signal will reach all of your devices. To move the router, you may need to move the cable or DSL modem, or locate a stretch of Ethernet cable that’s long enough to reach the spot where you want to place the wireless router.
Connect one end of an Ethernet cable to the LAN port on the router and connect the other end to a PC with a wired Ethernet connection, because you’ll need a wired connection to access and configure the wireless router.
Attach the power adapter to the router, and plug the power adapter into a wall outlet. In some cases, you may also need to switch the router on. Also, you can now power on your cable or DSL modem. Wait a minute or two until both the router and modem have booted up.
Turn on the computer that’s connected to the router and open your Web browser. Reference the router’s users manual to find the address you need to enter to make changes to the router’s configuration. Typically, the Web address will be something similar to http://192.168.10.1. Once you open the configuration utility, you’ll need to enter a username and password, the defaults for which are generally “admin.” Note that you can (and should) change the username and password within the router’s settings, so that only you will be able to alter the router’s configuration.
You should now have access to the router’s configuration utility. Start by setting up your Internet connection with the information that was provided by your ISP. Many routers offer a setup wizard area; from here you can click through the most common options to quickly configure your router. After you’ve entered the data, you’ll likely need to reboot the router for the settings to take effect.
Most routers begin broadcasting a Wi-Fi signal by default, but you’ll want to alter the settings with a network name and password that’s known only to employees and guests. To protect your network, it’s wise to encrypt it. Typically, these settings should be listed under a Wi- Fi or wireless settings area where you’ll change the network name. To change the network name, look for the SSID Service Set Identifier) field. Enter the name of the network you prefer, such as your business’s name or something that will help employees easily figure out what network they should join. As an extra security measure, consider setting the system so that it does not broadcast the SSID, in which case your employees (or family) will have to manually enter the name when they (or you) set up their computers to connect to the wireless network.
Next, configure the network’s encryption protocol. There are three common encryption standards: WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), or WPA2. WPA2 is generally considered the strongest encryption method, and WPAPSK (pre-shared key) allows you to use a memorable password, rather than a long, random string of numbers and letters. To set up Wi-Fi encryption, choose the standard you want to use and enter the password into the available fields. Whatever you choose, come up with a good way to remember the network name and key or write it down (keep it in a secure location if you do so) to make it easy to give it to employees and important clients who need Wi-Fi access.
Now, you should be able to see and access the network on your office computers. If service still seems to be spotty or slow, check with your employees about what Web applications they are using during the workday. For example, video conferencing or social networking tools occasionally take up extra bandwidth, although they can be useful for meeting and interacting with clients and customersremotely.
When Your System Won’t Boot
Few computer problems are more frustrating than a system that won’t boot. Your best lifeline, the Internet, is inaccessible, you often don’t have an error message to give you a clue, and the software menus to which you do have access may be unfamiliar and difficult to navigate and decipher.
The best way to troubleshoot the problem is to try the most common fixes first and then work your way down to the less common fixes.
Recent Hardware Changes
If your system reboots immediately after you start your computer, that’s often an indication of a hardware problem. If you recently installed anything, such as a new storage device, processor, or memory module, check to see that you installed it as instructed. Remember to exercise caution when working inside your computer: Turn it off, unplug it, and then touch a part of the case frame to dissipate static electricity. The first thing to do is to ensure that your memory modules are properly seated. It’s also a good idea to check that every hard drive or SSD in the system has both power and data cables firmly connected. Be sure to check the processor heatsink to make sure it’s installed and held firmly in place and that the graphics card (if present) is fully inserted into its slot and any external power ports are connected to the power supply. Make sure all the motherboard power ports are connected, as well; most motherboards require a 24-pin power connector on the right edge of the board and a 4- or 8-pin power connection toward the top of the motherboard.
Back To The BIOS
If the settings in the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) have become unstable, resetting it may solve the problem. To do this, restart your computer and immediately press the designated key that lets you access the BIOS. This key varies from computer to computer, but often it appears onscreen during the boot process. The DELETE, ESC, F1, or F2 keys are all common. Once in the BIOS setup utility, try loading the Optimized Defaults, save the settings, and restart. If your computer still fails, re-enter the BIOS and load the Fail-Safe Defaults. If you can’t even access the BIOS, then you may need to reset the CMOS (complementary metaloxide semiconductor), which retains your computer’s BIOS settings. Consult your motherboard or computer manual for the location of the CMOS jumper, which you can temporarily move between the three pins on the motherboard to perform the reset. After about 10 seconds, move the jumper back and try restarting.
The Safe Mode Or System Restore Options
Try to boot your computer into Safe Mode by restarting your computer and pressing the F8 key as it attempts to boot up. On the Advanced Boot Options screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the Safe Mode option and then press ENTER. If you have more than one OS installed on your system, you may need to select the OS you want to boot into Safe Mode. If your computer boots successfully into Safe Mode, then the issue may have been resolved, so attempt a normal reboot. If the problem persists, try a System Restore: Re-enter Safe Mode, click Start, type system restore, and then press ENTER. Use this wizard to use a Restore Point to reclaim access to your PC. Be sure to select a point prior to the day on which you began having trouble.